Human resources is the set of people who make up the workforce of an organization, business sector, industry, or economy. A narrower concept is human capital, the knowledge and skills which the individuals command. Similar terms include manpower, labor, personnel, associates or simply: people.
A human-resources department (HR department) of an organization performs human resource management, overseeing various aspects of employment, such as compliance with labor law and employment standards, administration of employee benefits, organizing of employee files with the required documents for future reference, and some aspects of recruitment (also known as talent acquisition) and employee offboarding
Human resource managers are in charge of every aspect of the employee life cycle in an organization. The responsibilities of HR include preparing or updating employment records related to hiring, transferring, promoting, and terminating. The duties include planning, recruitment and selection process, posting job ads, evaluating the performance of employees, organizing resumes and job applications, scheduling interviews and assisting in the process and ensuring background checks. Another job is payroll and benefits administration which deals with ensuring vacation and sick time are accounted for, reviewing payroll, and participating in benefits tasks, like claim resolutions, reconciling benefits statements, and approving invoices for payment. HR also coordinates employee relations activities and programs including but not limited to employee counseling. The last job is regular maintenance, this job makes sure that the current HR files and databases are up to date, maintaining employee benefits and employment status and performing payroll/benefit-related reconciliations.
A human resources manager has various functions in a company
Determine needs of the staff.
- Determine to use temporary staff or hire employees to fill these needs.
- Determine Do’s & Don’ts.
- Recruit the best employees
- Train employees. Upgrade their learning knowledge.
- Supervise the work.
- Evaluate the work.
- Establish ‘Discipline work culture’ in the organization.
- Avoid Politics in office.
- Apply ‘HR Software’ for the ease of work in the organization.
- Manage employee relations. If there are unions perform collective bargaining.
- Prepare employee records and personal policies.
- Manage employee payroll, benefits, and compensation.
- Ensure equal opportunities.
- Deal with discrimination.
- Deal with performance issues.
- Ensure that human resources practices conform to various regulations.
- Motivate employees
- Mediate disputes
- Disseminate information in the organization so as to benefit its growth.
Managers need to develop their interpersonal skills to be effective. Organizational behavior focuses on how to improve factors that make organizations more effective.